Disparities in police exposure raise important questions, with implications for policy and practice, some of which we highlight below.
- What are the consequences of high levels of police contact for the educational outcomes of students of color? Does a heavy police presence in students’ communities reduce violent crime and thereby increase educational opportunities? Or does policing negatively impact educational outcomes (e.g., by undermining trust in institutions and authority figures, or by creating stress and other health responses)? My recent study with Jeffrey Fagan sheds some light on these questions (Legewie and Fagan 2019). Focusing on NYC’s Operation Impact, we found that aggressive, hot-spot policing can reduce crime but also lowers test scores for older Black boys. For more information, see the full article here.
- What are the implications of these findings for schools and education policymakers? How can educators address the potential negative impact of aggressive policing and provide stronger support, particularly for Black male students? Our policy brief draws on other Research Alliance work to suggest some potential responses.
What else should we be asking about police exposure among school-aged young in NYC? Are you exploring any of these topics? Let us know via email.
This post was authored by Joscha Legewie of Harvard University.
 Weisburd, David and Malay Majmundar. 2018. Proactive Policing: Effects on Crime and Communities. Washington, DC: The National Academy Press.
 Geller, Amanda. 2018. “Policing America’s Children: Police Contact Among Teens in Fragile Families.”
 New York Civil Liberties Union, 2018. Fagan, Jeffrey, Anthony A. Braga, Rod K. Brunson, and April Pattavina. 2016. “Stops and Stares: Street Stops, Surveillance, and Race in the New Policing.” Fordham Urban Law Journal 43:621–696. See also: Neil, Roland and Christopher Winship. 2019. “Methodological Challenges and Opportunities in Testing for Racial Discrimination in Policing.” Annual Review of Criminology 2(1).
 Figures, Kalisha Dessources and Joscha Legewie. 2019. “Visualizing Police Exposure by Race, Gender` and Age in New York City.” Socius . First Published February 26, 2019.
 Summary File 1, Table PCT012.
 Legewie, Joscha and Jeffrey Fagan. 2019. “Aggressive Policing and the Educational Performance of Minority Youth.” American Sociological Review 84(2).