Parenting is a universal experience. In the course of a year, tens of millions of women and men experience the joy and challenges of becoming new parents. The experience of parenting begins even before infants are born, continues throughout the life of the parent and child, and takes on different forms and functions over the course of the child and parent’s development. Parents, children, practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and educators—and society at large—share a stake in parenting. Importantly, parenting is shaped by and a reflection of the broader cultural setting in which learning and development unfold. Using Italy as a case study, this course on culture and parenting examines parenting views and practices at different points in children’s development, from various theoretical perspectives, and through a cultural lens. The goal is to highlight the diversity of ways that parents support children's integration into their unique cultural communities.