OAR Supplement: Understanding Bareback Behavior


This study sought to understand the phenomenon of "barebacking," the practice of intentional unprotected anal intercourse among gay and bisexual men, nested within life history methodologies. As such, we sought to (1) examine the meanings and definitions that men ascribe to intentional unsafe sex and differentiate these attitudes from "unintentional unsafe sex" (relapse); (2) assess attitudinal and social/contextual antecedents associated with the barebacking behaviors of gay/bisexual men; (3) measure drug and alcohol use and mental health co-factors in this group of men. In addition, we sought to understand the overall developmental trajectories of gay and bisexual men over time.



Halkitis, P. N. (2007). Behavioral patterns, identity, and health characteristics of self-identified barebackers: Implications for HIV prevention and intervention. Journal of LGBT Health Research, 3(1), 37-48.

Halkitis, P. N., Siconolfi, D., Fumerton, M., & Barlup. K. (2008). Facilitators of barebacking among emergent adult gay and bisexual men: Implications for HIV prevention. Journal of LGBT Health Research, 4(1), 11-26.

Halkitis, P. N., Siconolfi, D., Fumerton, M., & Barlup. K. (2008). Risk bases in childhood and adolescence among HIV-negative young adult gay male barebackers. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 20(4), 288-314.