Professor of Applied Psychology/Teaching and Learning (joint appointment)
Phone: (212) 998-5297
Sandee Graham McClowry, PhD, RN, FAAN is a professor in the Counseling Psychology and Teaching & Learning Departments at New York University. Dr. McClowry received her doctorate in family nursing theory from the University of California, San Francisco. She has conducted multiple school-based research studies on children's temperament, family interactions, and classroom management. She is the developer of INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament and was the principal investigator of three prevention trials that tested its efficacy. The last study, funded by the Institute of Education Sciences, tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS in enhancing the academic learning context. The two previous clinical trials were funded by the National Institutes of Health. Dr. McClowry has published extensively on her research in a variety of multidisciplinary journals, is the author of Temperament-Based Elementary Classroom Management and Your Child’s Unique Temperament.
- BS Northern Illinois University, Nursing
- MS Northern Illinois University, Parent Child Health Nursing
- AAS Rock Valley College, Nursing
- PhD University of California, San Francisco, Family Nursing Theory
- Post-Doctoral Fellow Yale University, Becton Dickinson Nurse Scientist
Grants and Awards
- 2005: American Academy of Nursing Fellow, 1995 - present
- 2005: Distinguished Nurse Researcher, Foundation of the New York State Nurse Association, 1999
- 2005: Distinguished Nurse Researcher, Rush University, July 6, 1999
- 2013: Fulbright Scholar at the University of the West Indies, Mona
- 2014: Jan Kristal Memorial Award for Applying Temperament for the Welfare of Children
- Principal Investigator (1992-94). "A nursing assessment strategy: Child temperament phase." National Center for Nursing Research, AREA grant (R15NR03059): $75,000.
- RESEARCH INTERESTS
- Principal Investigator, Co-Principal Investigators, Erin O'Connor and Elise Cappella,"Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS in Enhancing the Academic Learning Context" (2008-12), Institute of Education Sciences (R305A080512), $2,919,913.
- SELECTED FUNDED RESEARCH
- Principal Investigator (1998-04), Co-Investigators, David Snow and Catherine Tamis-Le Monda. "A school-based intervention for inner-city children. National Institute of Nursing Research" (1R01NR04781): $2,250,000.
- Co-investigator (Loraine Cook, PI), Testing the effectiveness of INSIGHTS in Jamaica, University of the West Indies, Mona.
- INSIGHTS in Jamaica
- Co-investigator (Loraine Cook, PI), Establishing an INSIGHTS in Jamaica Center (2013-16), Funded by the Jamaican CHASE Fund.
- Supplement to promote diversity in health-related research for Eileen Rodriguez. $90,350.
- Principal Investigator, Co-Investigators, David Snow and Catherine Tamis-LeMonda, "Testing a Parent/Teacher Collaborative Prevention Model" (2003-08), National Institute of Nursing Research (2R01NR04781): $2,740,000.
- Temperament-based intervention for elementary school children and their parents and teachers
- Cultural adaptations of school-based interventions
- School-based interventions for urban children
- Minority Postdoctoral Fellowship for Edilma Yearwood, PhD, RN (2001-03): $190,000. Principal Investigator (1996-1999). "A comprehensive school-based clinic at P.S. 307." US Department of Health and Human Services: $593,704.
- Principal Investigator, INSIGHTS in Jamaica: A Cultural Adaptation of the Children’s Program. (2013-2014). The Winnifred Hoon Memorial Fund.
- E. O’Connor, Principal Investigator, Co-Principal Investigators: S. McClowry, E. Cappella, M. McCormick. E. E. “Does Early Intervention Benefit Social-Emotional & Academic Development in Middle School?: A Follow-up Study of INSIGHTS.” Grant under review at Institute of Education Sciences. Amount requested: $1,100,000.
- Principal Investigator & Co-Investigator E. E. O'Connor. Adapting INSIGHTS for Pre-Kindergarten, Invited submission sent to the Caplan Foundation for Early Childhood on August 31, 2015. $180,000.
- Leary, K. (PI) and McClowry, S. G. (MPI). INSIGHTS into Children's Self-Regulation. A Direct to Phase II SBIR grant application submitted on September 5, 2015 to the National Institute of Child Development. $1,000,000.
- Cappella, E., O’Connor, E. E., McCormick, M., Turbeville, A., Collins, A., & McClowry, S. G. (in press). Classwide efficacy of INSIGHTS: Observed student behaviors and teacher practices in kindergarten and first grade. Elementary School Journal.
- Martin, N. K., Schafer, N., McClowry, S. G., Emmer, E. T., Brekelmans, M., Mainhard, T., & Wubbels, T. (in press). Expanding the definition of classroom management: Recurring themes and new conceptualizations.Journal of Classroom Interaction.
- McClowry, S. G., & Spellmann, M. E. (in press). Assessing the cultural relevance of INSIGHTS for Jamaica. Caribbean Journal of Education.
- McClowry, S. G. (2014). Temperament-Based Elementary Classroom Management. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. (link)
- McClowry, S.G. (2003). Your Child's Unique Temperament: Insights and Strategies for Responsive Parenting. Champaign, IL: Research Press.
- McClowry, S. G. (In Progress). Evidence-Based Elementary Classroom Management. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
- Cappella, E., O’Connor, E. E., McCormick, M., Turbeville, A., Collins, A., and McClowry, S. G. (in press.). "Classwide efficacy of INSIGHTS: Observed student behaviors and teacher practices in kindergarten and first grade". Elementary School Journal.
- McCormick, M. P., O’Connor, E. E., Cappella, E., and McClowry, S. G. (2015). "Getting a good start in school: Effects of INSIGHTS on children with high-maintenance temperaments". Early Childhood Research Quarterly 30(A): 128-139. doi:10.1016/j.ecresq.2014.10.006.
- O’Connor, E. E., Cappella, E., McCormick, M. P., and McClowry, S. G. (2014). "An examination of the efficacy of INSIGHTS in enhancing the academic learning context". Journal of Educational Psychology 106(4): 1156-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0036615.
- O’Connor, E. E., Cappella, E., McCormick, M. P., and McClowry, S. G. (2014). "Enhancing the academic development of shy children: A test of the efficacy of INSIGHTS". School Psychology Review 43(3): 239-259.
- McClowry, S. G., Rodriguez, E. T., Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., Spellmann, M. E., Carlson, A., and Snow, D. L. (2013). "Teacher/student interactions and classroom behavior: The role of student temperament and gender". Journal of Research in Childhood Education 27: 283-301. doi: 10.1080/02568543.2013.796330 (view)
- McCormick, M.P., O'Connor, E.E., Cappella, E., and McClowry, S.G. (2013). "Teacher-child relationships and academic achievement: A multi-level propensity score model approach". Journal of School Psychology 51 (5): 611-624. doi:10.1016/j.jsp.2013.05.001.
- O’Connor, E. E., Rodriguez, E. T., Cappella, E., Morris, J. G., Collins, A., and McClowry, S. G. (2012). "Child disruptive behavior and parenting sense of competence: A comparison of the effects of two models of INSIGHTS". Journal of Community Psychology 40: 555-572. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21482 (view)
- McClowry, S. G., and Collins, A. (2012). "Temperament-based intervention: Reconceptualized from a response to intervention framework". In R. Shiner and M. Zentner (Eds.), Handbook of Childhood Temperament (pp. 607-627). New York: Guilford Press.
- Collins, A., Colwell, N., and McClowry, S. G. (2012). "Maintaining fidelity of the intervention". In Melnyk, B. M., and Morrison-Beedy, D. (Eds.), Designing, conducting, analyzing and funding intervention research: A practical guide for success (pp.215-229). New York, NY: Springer.
- Shiner, R. L., Buss, K. A., McClowry, S. G., Putman, S. P., Saudino, K. J., and Zentner, M. (2012). "What is temperament now? Assessing progress in temperament research in the 25 years following Goldsmith et al. (1987)". Child Development Perspectives 6: 436-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-8606.2012.00254.x
- Lyons-Thomas, J., and McClowry, S. G. (2012). "An examination of the construct validity and reliability of the Teacher School-Age Temperament Inventory". Journal of Classroom Interaction 47 (2): 25-32. (view)
- McClowry, S. G., Snow, D. L., Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., and Rodriguez, E. T. (2010). "Testing the efficacy of INSIGHTS on student disruptive behavior, classroom management, and student competence in inner-city primary grades". School Mental Health 2: 23-35. doi: 10.1007/s12310-009-9023-8. (view)
- Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., Briggs, R. D., McClowry, S. G., Snow, D. L. (2009). "Maternal control and sensitivity, child gender, and maternal education in relation to children’s behavioral outcomes in African-American families". Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 30: 321-331.
- Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., Briggs, R. D., McClowry, S. G., and Snow, D. (2008). "Challenges to the Study of African-American Parenting: Conceptualization, Sampling, Research Approaches, Measurement, and Design". Parenting: Science and Practice 8: 319-358.
- Foley, M., McClowry, S. G., and Castellanos, F. X. (2008). "The relationship between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and child temperament". Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 29: 157-169. (view)
- McClowry, S. G., Rodriguez, E. T. and Koslowitz, R. (2008). "Temperament-Based Intervention: Re-examining Goodness of Fit". European Journal of Developmental Science 2: 120-135. (view)
- McClowry, S. G., Snow, D. L., and Tamis-LeMonda, C. S. (2005). "An evaluation of the effects of INSIGHTS on the behavior of inner-city primary school children". Journal of Primary Prevention 26: 567–584. doi: 10.1007/s10935-005-0015-7. (view)
- McClowry, S.G., Halverson, C.F., and Sanson, A. (2003). "A re-examination of the validity and reliability of the School-Age Temperament Inventory". Nursing Research 52: 176-182.
- McClowry, S.G. (2002). "Transforming temperament profile statistics into puppets and other visual media". Journal of Pediatric Nursing 17, 11-17.
- McClowry, S.G. (2002). "The temperament profiles of school-age children". Journal of Pediatric Nursing 17: 3-10.
- CHILD TEMPERAMENT; PROVIDING INSIGHTS AND STRATEGIES TO PARENTS: Plenary Session at the 26th Annual Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (NAPNAP) Conference. Phoenix, AZ, March 31, 2005.
- INSIGHTS INTO CHILDREN'S TEMPERAMENT: Presentation at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, Psychology Department, June 2, 2004. Presentation at the Fribourg University Institute of Family Research and Counseling, Switzerland, June 4, 2004.
- Children and Youth Keynote Speaker for the Evidence-Based Practice Conference, Rochester, NY. December 7, 2002.
- McClowry, S. G., and Foley, M. (2005). An adaptation of INSIGHTS for Children with Attention Deficit With Hyperactivity: Paper presented at 16th Annual Research Nursing Conference of Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Honor Society, The Big Island, Hawaii. July 16, 2005.
- McClowry, S. G., Snow, D. L., Carlson, A., Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., and Gullersserian, J. A. (2005). Child temperament and teacher feedback: Relationships to student engagement and disruption in the classroom. Poster presented at the Temperament and Personality Development Pre-conference at the Society for Research and Child Development, Atlanta, GA. April 7, 2005.
- TEMPERAMENT-BASED INTERVENTION: Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute of Aging, Baltimore, MD. August 11, 2005.