Selcuk Sirin's Research Lab

REST Timeline and Publications


 REST Timeline and Publications

2008 Quick-Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test (Quick-REST)

The Quick-REST measure assesses participants' awareness of acts of ethical violations as they are observed in video-taped scenarios. Two survey based instruments of racial and ethical sensitivity were created through empirical studies of over 300 school professionals, including teachers, administrators, psychologists, coaches, and others who work in diverse schools. The internal reliability of the items and divergent, convergent, and overall construct validity show that the Quick-REST is a psychometrically sound measure of school professionals' ability to recognize violations of ethical principles as depicted in two five-minute videotapes illustrating instances of racial intolerance in schools. 

For complete information on the development, reliability and stability of the Quick-REST please see: 


  • Sirin, S.R., Rogers-Sirin, L., & Collins, B. (2010). A measure of cultural competence as an ethical responsibility: Quick Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test (Q-REST). Journal of Moral Education, 39(1), 49-64.
  • Sirin, S.R., & Rogers-Sirin, L. (2006). Quick version of the racial ethical sensitivity test (Quick-REST). New York, NY: New York University.


2004-2008 REST Workshops (REST-KIT)

The REST workshop is designed to increase cultural competence among students preparing to enter school-related professions, such as teachers, counselors and administrators. To reach this goal, the workshop focuses on three main objectives: (1) Make the relationship between professional ethical requirements and cultural sensitivity explicit, so students recognize their obligation to increase their cultural competence. (2) Teach students how to recognize when a racially-related ethical violation has occurred. (3) Provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to respond to such acts of racial/ethnic intolerance appropriately. Each workshop session is designed for up to 10 aspiring teachers. It takes 8 hours to complete each training session, including time for breaks and lunch. 

For complete information on the development of the REST-KIT please see: 


  • Rogers-Sirin, L., & Sirin, S.R. (2009). Cultural competence as an ethical requirement: Introducing a new educational model. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 2(1), 19-29.
  • Rogers-Sirin, L., & Sirin, S.R. (2005). Increasing school professionals' cultural competence: A theory-driven training program. New Jersey: Drew University.



2003 Racial and Ethical Sensitivity Test-Compact Disk (REST-CD)

Consists of the 5 videotaped scenarios used in the original REST followed by an interactive "interview" presented on compact discs.

For complete information on the development and validation of the REST videos please see:  


  • Sirin, S. R., Brabeck, M. M., Satiani, A., & Rogers-Sirin, L. (2003). Validation of a measure of ethical sensitivity and examination of the effects of previous multicultural and ethics courses on ethical sensitivity. Ethics & Behavior, 13(3), 221-226.
  • Brabeck, M. M., & Sirin, S.R. (2001). The racial ethical sensitivity test: Computer disk version (REST-CD). Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.  


2000 Racial Ethical Sensitivity Test (REST) 
In an attempt to develop a measure of ethical sensitivity to acts of racial and gender intolerance that occur in school settings, five video scenarios portraying acts of racial intolerance and ethical insensitivity were created. Participants viewed 2 videotaped scenarios and then responded to a semistructured interview protocol adapted from Bebeau and Rest (1982). 

For complete information on the development, reliability and stability of the REST videos please see:


  • Brabeck, M., Rogers, L., Sirin, S., Handerson, J., Ting, K., & Benvenuto, M. (2000). Increasing ethical sensitivity to racial and gender intolerance in schools: Development of the racial ethical sensitivity test (REST). Ethics and Behavior,10(2), 119-137.
  • Brabeck, M., Brabeck, K., Costa, M., Henderson, J., McCubbin, L., Rogers, L., Ting, K., Sirin, S., Warner, C., & Weaver, M. (1998). Racial ethical sensitivity test (REST) scoring manual. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.